元素記号 Element symbol

Mar 4th, 2021
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The first periodic table

Mendeleyev’s periodic table of 1869 contained 17 columns, with 2 virtually whole phases (sequences) of elements, from potassium to bromine and rubidium to iodine, preceded by 2 extended phases of 2 elements every (lithium to fluorine and sodium to chlorine), also followed closely by three tragic phases. In an 1871 newspaper Mendeleyev introduced with a revision of the 17-group table, the primary progress being the correct re-positioning of 17 aspects. He, along with Lothar Meyer, additionally suggested a table featuring eight pillars accessed by dividing each of the long periods into a period of seven, also an eighth bunch comprising both three central elements (such as iron, cobalt, nickel; Mendeleyev additionally included nickel, instead of inserting it into Group I), and a second phase of 7. The first and next phases of the seven ended up later distinguished by use of the letters”a” and”b” attached to the group symbols, which were the Roman numerals.

Other variations of this periodic table

Alternate prolonged variants of the periodic table have been proposed. One among the oldest, clarified by A. Werner in 1905, divides every one of those shorter periods into two areas, one at either end of this table over the elements in the lengthier spans which they resemble. The various tie lines connecting the periods from the Bayley-type table have been therefore dispersed with. This type of table, also, might be simplified by taking away the lanthanoid along with actinoid elements to some distinct area. From the mid-20th century that this type of the table had become the most often employed.

Discovery of fresh elements

The terrific value of the periodic regulation was made clear by Mendeleyev’s victory in 1871 in finding that the possessions of 17 elements can be related to those of other elements by simply moving the 17 to brand new positions out of those signaled with their nuclear weights. This shift signaled there clearly were small errors in the previously accepted nuclear weights of a number of the weather and huge problems for several the others, that incorrect multiples of those blending weights were used as nuclear burdens (the mixing burden being the the weight of an element which combines with certain weight of a normal ). Mendeleyev was likewise equipped to anticipate the presence, and several of the possessions, of these then undiscovered elements eka-boron, eka-aluminum, and eka-silicon, now diagnosed with all the weather scandium, gallium, and germanium, respectively. Moreover, Bohr remarked the the lost element 72 wouldbe likely, by the status in the periodic program, to function as similar to zirconium in its possessions somewhat than the rare earths; that this monitoring led G. de Hevesy along with D. Coster at 19-22 to examine zirconium ores and to discover that the unknown component, they named hafnium.

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